Although shares of district energy systems are expanding and national and local governments are setting policies and targets, there are still long-standing barriers to greater deployment of modern district energy systems. These barriers include:

  • Lack of awareness and misperceptions
  • Need of local and institutional capacity to coordinate DES development.
  • Lack of holistic planning policies that integrate energy and DES.
  • Non-harmonized incentives and accounting methods.
  • Unproven commercial viability of district energy in some markets.
  • High project development costs.
  • Lack of data on heating and cooling consumption in cities.

This publication offers an in-depth review of 45 cities around the world, providing a platform for further global expansion of district energy approaches across cities worldwide. The publication highlights why and how cities are deploying district energy systems, including by demonstrating key policy best practices, new business models and emerging innovations

This publication is the first of a series of guidance documents and tools within the new District Energy in Cities Initiative.

Previous Next